Environmental & Scientific Applications
ROVs can be used to evaluate potential new artificial reef locations as well as monitor the health of reefs, artificial and natural. High definition video recording and images can help record and compare basic attributes of a reef such as fish population and the overall stability of the actual reef infrastructure. AUVs also offer a lot in the field of reef monitoring. They can navigate shallow water reefs unlike other robotics such as ROVs because they are able to navigate on their own and they are not connected to a tether. While navigating a pre-programmed survey route AUVs can collect data on water temperature and currents, which are key data when evaluating the overall health of reefs over time.
ROVs and AUVs are leading a new wave of oceanographic research. They work longer, smarter and more efficiently at great ocean depths. ROVs and AUVs record environmental factors that affect fish populations and their environment, map deep water corals, sponges and other species, and explore extreme depths that until recently have been unreachable. ROVs can be used to scan the seafloor, produce bathymetric sonar maps and take high definition video and images.
ROVs have gained popularity in underwater archaeological projects. ROVs are capable of exploring areas too dangerous for divers, such sites often coinciding with high numbers of shipwrecks. They can also explore far deeper than can divers, opening up the opportunity to explore more archaeological sites. ROVs use high definition cameras, acoustic sonars, chemical detectors, side scan sonar, magnetometers and sub-bottom profilers to enhance archaeological salvage and study efforts. They also extract sediment from locations of interest and identify and extract artifacts.
Environmental & Scientific gallery